Open Source MANO (OSM) Tutorial


A full deployment consists of 3 components:

  • OSM as the NFV Orchestrator
  • Openstack, OpenVIM, Open Nebula, or similar as the virtual infrastructure manager (VIM)
  • Some number of compute nodes, where the VIM will run VMs under OSM's instruction

We will use the following components:

  • OSM on ubuntu 18.04
  • Devstack on ubuntu 18.04, in a single node configuration (this can easily be extended following devstack guides)
  • This Devstack configuration combines the VIM node and the compute node on one machine. OSM communicates with the Openstack identity service to discover the rest of the configuration.

This tutorial implements the getting started from: here, and adds support for ORBIT hardware, with the image based on Ubuntu 18.04.

To save time, run the OSM and VIM steps in separate ssh terminals, as they can be done at the same time.


  1. SSH keys set up for the testbed
  2. Ability to set up ssh tunneling to access the web interface pages
  3. A reservation for a domain with at least two compute resources
  4. For convenience, 3 terminal windows.

OSM Node Set Up

  1. Log into the console with your first terminal
  2. Load the tutorial-osm.ndz onto the first node, and resize to ≥ 60gb:
    • Example: omf load -t -i tutorial-osm.ndz -r 60
    • Wait for imaging process to complete. Work on the other terminals in the meantime
    • You should see: INFO exp: 1 node successfully imaged ...
  3. Turn the node on: omf tell -a on -t
  4. Wait for the node to come up, (up to ~3 minutes)
    • You can ping the node, it will respond once booted

From Scratch


  • 40Gb disk space
  • user:
    • non-root user,
    • with non-empty password
    • member of sudo, docker, lxd groups
  • Packages:
    • net-tools
  • ipv6 disabled
  1. Prepare the node
    1. Load the image: omf load -t -i baseline_1804.ndz -r 60
    2. Turn the node on: omf tell -a on -t
    3. Log in as root: ssh
    4. set up non-root user echo native:native | chpasswd
    5. Add user to groups: sudo groupadd lxd && sudo groupadd docker && sudo usermod -a -G lxd,docker native
    6. logout: exit
    7. Log in as the user "native": ssh
  2. Set up OSM
    1. Install "net-tools" sudo apt install net-tools
    2. Download script: wget
    3. Make it executable: chmod +x
    4. Run it: ./ 2>&1 | tee osm_install_log.txt
    5. enter "y"
      1. if it crashes, run lxd init
    6. choose all defaults, except none for ipv6
    7. if failed, rerun
  3. Connect browser
    1. Via ssh tunnel
    2. via VPN TODO
    3. navigate browser to node control ip, enter admin/admin as credentials

Run these commands to clean up the old configuration:

docker stack rm osm && sleep 60 # The sleep is for making sure the stack removal finishes before redeploying docker stack deploy -c /etc/osm/docker/docker-compose.yaml osm

Save image

VIM Node Set up:

OSM must have a Virtual Infrastructure Manager (VIM) to control. We will use openstack on single node devstack for this tutorial, following this guide.

  1. Log into the console with your second terminal
  2. Load the tutorial-devstack.ndz onto the second node, and resize to ≥ 60gb:
    • Example: omf load -t -i tutorial-devstack.ndz -r 60
    • Wait for imaging process to complete. Work on the other terminals in the meantime
    • You should see: INFO exp: 1 node successfully imaged ...
  3. Turn the node on: omf tell -a on -t
  4. Wait for the node to come up (up to ~3 minutes)
    1. You can ping the node, it will respond once booted
  5. SSH into the node ssh
  6. Change to the Devstack directory: cd ~/devstack
  7. Run the installation script: ./

Note, we use username: native, password: native , because Openstack needs a non-root user.

Commands will run for a while (about 10 minutes). If successful, it will output the credentials and address to login via the webui, and will look like the following:

DevStack Component Timing
 (times are in seconds)  
run_process           16 
test_with_retry        2 
apt-get-update         5 
osc                  115 
wait_for_service      10 
git_timed            107 
dbsync                65 
pip_install          201 
apt-get              166 
Unaccounted time     345 
Total runtime        1032

This is your host IP address:
This is your host IPv6 address: ::1
Horizon is now available at
Keystone is serving at
The default users are: admin and demo
The password: native

You will need the Host IP address, Horizon and Keystone URLs, and user and password in the following steps.

If you want to customize your devstack installation, you can modify the file local.conf prior to running

Optional: Devstack Customization

NOTE: These must be customized for each machine, please make sure you know what and why you are changing things.

Information is from the openstack documentation at:



#Check out latest commits
#upgrade python

##Uncomment to Customize VNC
##use for ssh forwarding

##Uncomment to enable Spice, comment VNC section
#enable_service n-spice
#disable_service n-novnc

To make virtual machines directly accessible from the console, add these snippets:

Information in this example is taken from:

root@node1-2:~# ip r
default via dev enp134s0 proto dhcp src metric 100 dev enp134s0 proto kernel scope link src dev enp134s0 proto dhcp scope link src metric 100 dev br-ex proto kernel scope link src dev virbr0 proto kernel scope link src linkdown
root@node1-2:~# ip addr show enp134s0
2: enp134s0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 68:05:ca:1e:e5:98 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet brd scope global dynamic enp134s0
       valid_lft 2297sec preferred_lft 2297sec
    inet6 fe80::6a05:caff:fe1e:e598/64 scope link
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
#set to control interface name
#set to control interface IP
#Set to control interface subnet
#set to control interface gateway
#choose range of IPs in control subnet to assign to VMs

#set IP range for private networks not to conflict with testbed nets

This snipped will cause openstack to override the dhcp configuration on the control interface, so run this before running

sudo ip r add default via
echo "DNS=" | sudo tee -a /etc/systemd/resolved.conf
echo "Domains=~." | sudo tee -a /etc/systemd/resolved.conf

After, run this:

openstack security group rule create --proto icmp --dst-port 0 default
openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default

From Scratch


If you don’t specify any configuration you will get the following:

neutron (including l3 with openvswitch)

private project networks for each openstack project

a floating ip range of with the gateway of

the demo project configured with fixed ips on a subnet allocated from the range

a br-ex interface controlled by neutron for all its networking (this is not connected to any physical interfaces).

DNS resolution for guests based on the resolv.conf for your host

an ip masq rule that allows created guests to route out

PUBLIC_INTERFACE=eth1 (this connects to the br-ex bridge)

  • Change IP without running
  • Run
  • In keystone database "update endpoint set url = REPLACE(url, '[old IP address]', '[new IP address]')";
  • Update all Ips in /etc folder "grep -rl '[old IP address]' /etc | xargs sed -i 's/[old IP address]/[new IP address]/g'"
  • Update all Ips in /opt/stack folder "grep -rl '[old IP address]' /opt/stack | xargs sed -i 's/[old IP address]/[new IP address]/g'"
  • Restart apache2 server
  • Run
  • Restart Keystone "keystone-all"

Connecting to the Web Interfaces

Use your third terminal, or whatever ssh program you are using, to forward a different local port to port 80 on each of the OSM and VIM machines.

For more information, follow This Guide

For example, using a linux shell, and forwarding: 9901 → srv1-lg1:80 , 9902 → srv2-lg1:80

ssh -N \
-L 9980:srv1-lg1:80 \
-L 9981:srv2-lg1:80

The OSM Web UI will likely be ready much sooner than the Openstack UI, due to the time taken for installation.

  • OSM Web UI
    • Credentials are: admin / admin
    • Use your browser to navigate to the first forwarded port, here localhost:9980
  • If the webui doesn't come up:
    1. SSH to the node with the ssh credentials: native / native
    2. Check to see that all containers are running docker stack ps osm
    3. Try re-installing OSM by running ./
  • Openstack Web UI
    • Credentials are: admin / native, unless different in the output.
    • Use your browser to navigate to the second forwarded port, here localhost:9981
    • The web UI won't be ready until completes successfully
  • The following steps are executed in the respective web interfaces

Connecting OSM to the VIM

  1. Log into the OSM with admin/admin
  2. Click "VIM accounts" on the left bar
  3. Delete existing accounts with the trash can icon
  4. Add the new account for your openstack with the following information:
    • URL http://$DEVSTACK_IP/identity/v3/
    • User admin
    • password native
    • tenant admin
    • name openstack-site
    • Type: openstack
  5. Click create

Optional: CLI usage

SSH to the node where you installed OSM

native@node1-1:~$ export LC_ALL=C.UTF-8
native@node1-1:~$ export LANG=C.UTF-8
native@node1-1:~$ osm vim-create --name openstack-standalone --user admin --password native \
              --auth_url --tenant admin --account_type openstack

Adding a disk image to openstack

  1. download the attachment cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img​ from this page, by clicking attachments, then clicking the small download icon.
  2. in a new window, go to the openstack webui
  3. click images
  4. click create image, and use the following properties (important)
    • name: cirros034
    • image source: browse for the file you downloaded from the wiki
    • format: qcow2
  5. click create image

Creating a VNF

  1. Go back to the OSM webui
  2. VNF package onboarding
    1. go to packages → vnf packages
    2. download the attachment cirros_vnf.tar.gz
    3. drag the downloaded file to the window
  3. NS package onboarding
    1. go to packages → ns packages
    2. download the attachment cirros_2vnf_ns.tar.gz
    3. drag it to the window
  4. Instantiate the NF
    1. click the launch icon and enter information
      • name
      • description
      • nsd_id: cirros_2vnf_ns
      • vim account id: openstack-site

Interacting with the VNF

  1. In the Openstack UI:
  2. Select the project "admin" from the dropdown in the top left
  3. Click instances:
    1. you should now see a pair of cirros instances running.
    2. open a console on one, and try pinging the other


08/20/2020 Updated to OSM release EIGHT, Openstack release Train

10/21/2019 Updated to OSM release SIX

Last modified 2 years ago Last modified on Oct 17, 2020, 8:29:44 PM

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