Using Sivers mmWave equipment on COSMOS SandBox1


COSMOS sandbox 1 hosts 3 different pairs of mmWave frontends - 1) 60GHz SiversIMA transceivers 2) 28GHz IBM PAAM boards 3) 28GHz Interdigital MHUs. This tutorial demonstrates how to transmit and receive a signal in the 60GHz mmWave spectrum using the Sivers front-ends. The Sivers 57-66GHz transceiver system (EVK06002 - evaluation kit for TRX BF/01) is optimized for Wi Gig applications and is compliant with 802.11ad standard. The transceiver includes 16 element patch antenna arrays for TX and RX, and provides beam steering capabilities with an application GUI or python API over USB interface.

Current mmWave setup in COSMOS SB1 looks as shown in the figure below.

In the benchtop 60GHz setup of SandBox1, either USRP X310 or RFSoC ZCU111 can be used for baseband processing. RF Switch boxes as shown in the figure are used to select between X310 and RFSoC. RF path configuration details are at, and RF switch commands are explained at wiki:/Resources/Services/RFSwitch. To select X310s as baseband processing units, all the switches in the RF switch boxes are configured to port 1.

This experiment uses USRP X310s for baseband processing.

Sivers control software on srv1-in1, srv1-in2 talks to the mmWave front-ends over USB links. Host GNURadio applications on srv1-in1, srv1-in2, send/receive data samples to/from the X310s over 10G Ethernet links.


In order to access the test bed, create a reservation and have it approved by the reservation service. Access to the resources is granted after the reservation is confirmed. Please follow the process shown on the COSMOS getting started page to get started.

Resources required

2 servers srv1-in1, srv1-in2, 2 USRP X310s sdr4-in1, sdr4-in2 and both the Sivers mmWave platforms rfdev3-in1, rfdev3-in2 on COSMOS SB1.

Tutorial Setup

Follow the steps below to gain access to the sandbox 1 console and set up nodes with appropriate images.

  1. If you don't have one already, sign up for a COSMOS account
  2. Create a resource reservation on sandbox 1
  3. Login into sandbox 1 console ( with two SSH sessions.
  4. Make sure all the resources in the domain are turned off:
    omf tell -a offh -t system:topo:allres  
  5. The image sivers_sb1_cosmos.ndz is [baseline_gr.ndz] with Sivers control software installed. Load sivers_sb1_cosmos.ndz on srv1-in1,srv1-in2.
    omf load -i sivers_sb1_cosmos.ndz -t srv1-in1,srv1-in2
  6. Turn all the required resources on and check the status
    omf tell -a on -t srv1-in1,srv1-in2,sdr4-in1,sdr4-in2,rfdev3-in1,rfdev3-in2
    omf stat -t system:topo:allres
  7. ssh to the nodes, use option -Y for using GUI.

Experiment Execution

Find and prepare USRPs

  • The IP addresses for Ethernet Ports(Port 0, 10G with XG image) on the X310s sdr4-in1 and sdr4-in2 were hard-coded to and respectively. To access them from srv1-in1 or srv1-in2, configure the data1 network interfaces on srv1-in1 and srv1-in2 to and respectively.
    root@srv1-in1:~# ifconfig data1 netmask mtu 9000 up
    root@srv1-in2:~# ifconfig data1 netmask mtu 9000 up
  • Run uhd_find_devices to check if the X310s can be reached
    root@srv1-in1:~# uhd_find_devices
    [INFO] [UHD] linux; GNU C++ version 7.5.0; Boost_106501; UHD_3.15.0.0-release
    -- UHD Device 0
    Device Address:
        serial: 31B6FFA
        fpga: XG
        name: sdr4-in2
        product: X310
        type: x300
    -- UHD Device 1
    Device Address:
        serial: 31B8F3F
        fpga: XG
        name: sdr4-in1
        product: X310
        type: x300
  • Set the buffer sizes
    sysctl -w net.core.wmem_max=62500000
    sysctl -w net.core.rmem_max=62500000

Prepare Sivers 60GHz front-ends

  • To demonstrate the experiment here, we use Sivers front-end SN0240 as transmitter and SN0243 as receiver
SN0240 as transmitter SN0243 as receiver
root@srv1-in1:~/ederenv# ./ -gui SN0240 root@srv1-in2:~/ederenv# ./ -gui SN0243
Click "TX enable" and "LO leakage Cal" Click "RX enable"
  • Make sure the RF switch boxes are configured to use X310s (all switches set to port 1)
    root@console:~# curl,
    <response status="OK">
      <rf_switch name="" num_of_switches="4">
        <switch number="1" port="1"/>
        <switch number="2" port="1"/>
        <switch number="3" port="1"/>
        <switch number="4" port="1"/>
      <rf_switch name="" num_of_switches="4">
        <switch number="1" port="1"/>
        <switch number="2" port="1"/>
        <switch number="3" port="1"/>
        <switch number="4" port="1"/>
  • If some or all the ports are set to "2", set them to port "1"
    curl ",,2,3,4&port=1"


Run the experiment

  • Start transmit application on the TX node(srv1-in1). Run UHD application tx_waveforms to transmit a sine wave.
    root@srv1-in1:~# /usr/lib/uhd/examples/tx_waveforms --args="addr=" --freq 100e6 --rate 10e6 --ant AB --subdev A:AB --wave-freq 1e6 --wave-type SINE

  • Start receive application on the RX node(srv1-in2). Run rx_ascii_art_dft to observe the sinewave as shown in the picture below
    root@srv1-in2:~# /usr/lib/uhd/examples/rx_ascii_art_dft --args="addr=" --freq 100e6 --rate 10e6 --ref-lvl -40 --ant AB --subdev B:AB  
Last modified 2 years ago Last modified on Dec 1, 2021, 7:53:57 PM

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